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Articles, books and references to events, people and stages relating to the history and making of machine-made lace.


Catalogue - Galeries des Collections 

Cité internationale de la dentelle et de la mode, 2010

The Calais Lace Museum catalogue is a wealth of information about lace, both hand and machine made. Sections cover early hand-made lace and its use in fashion, the industry in England and its introduction to Calais, the expansion of the industry with new machines and steam power, the process from sketch to sale and the workers in that process, and the museums fashion collection. Much of the catalogue is in French. However, there are also many pages in English.

Book - The Last of the Luddites, Ian Porter, 2015

Book - Lace in Fashion From the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Centuries,

Pat Earnshaw, BT Batsford London 1985

The Guardian Newspaper article 'A brief history of lace'

Pictorial website article with a quick run-through of lace fashion through the centuries

Calais Almanac 1847

List of People and their Professions


Anglo-Calisienne Tulle Manufacturers

in First Half of the 19th Century

Part paper by Benoit Noel, 2003


British Workers in France, 1815-1848 Part 1

Bensimon F, (2011), British Workers in France 1815-1848, Past and Present, 213, 147-169

British Workers in France, 1815-1848 Part 2

Bensimon F, (2011), British Workers in France 1815-1848, Past and Present, 213, 170-189

The Plight of the Framework Knitters 1812

Letter by Thomas Latham, Secretary of the United Committee of Framework Knitters in Nottingham written to express the concern of the unfair treatment of the FWK in Nottingham wishing to meet and air their grievances.


Heathcoat and the Luddites

Malcom Hornsby,

The Life and Death of Ned Lud

John Radford

The Luddites - a story

'Countryside La Vie' Magazine Article

Short story about the Luddites, their attack on John Heathcoat's Loughborough factory and their trial.

Luddites Hang

1817 newspaper article about the Luddites who attacked John Heathcoat's factory in Loughborough that lead to their execution in 17 April 1817


A dress for a princess

The Cluny Lace Company Ltd in Ilkstone Derbyshire is the last of the once great and thriving machine-made lace industry in England. It has survived by using its 19th century Leavers machines. Those machines made lace for the dress worn by Kate Middleton when she married Prince William as well as for other bridal party members.

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